What is Stonehenge?
Stonehenge is the greatest chronicled riddle. It is one of the most famous tourist spots in Britain. It is a landmark showing gigantic stones in Wiltshire, south of England.
This unique stone circle milestone seems to be a spine chiller. In spite of deep research, we’ve never headed close enough to perceive the reason for the structure and the methodology used to bring, assemble and accomplish the massive stones structure.
Types of stones used at Stonehenge
Stonehenge was made with two types of stones: sarsens and bluestones.
Sarsens were the rocks used to build the outer circle, which is made up of pairs of large standing stones with lintels (one rock balanced across the tops of two other rocks). They are thought to be shipped from the Marlborough Downs, which is 20 miles (32 kilometers) toward the north. You’ll be astounded to know that sarsens, the biggest stones are as much as 30 feet (nine meters) tall and weighs around 25 tons.
The small stones, called “bluestones”, forms the inner circle, weighs more than 4 tons are believed to have brought from a place called Carn Menyn, in the Preseli Hills in southwest Wales which is about 300 kilometers far from the site.
The most debated factor is how the enormous stones were brought there from far off places. How they were moved?
Moving such large stones had been a brilliant accomplishment for the people of that era.
Stonehedge a burial mound.
The monument had numerous hundred burial mounds before the massive stones have been located. The proof demonstrates this. In 2013, a gathering of archeologists uncovered the incinerated remains of sixty-four Neolithic, the individuals who were covered inside the hover of fifty-six pits. The examination conveyed through the bones expressed that the stays were of people that had been covered under during 3000 BC and 2500 BC.
The Age of Stonehenge
The Age of Stonehenge is Debatable but still, they are considered quite old, even older than Pyramids. Stonehenge is believed to be at least 5,000 years old, while the pyramids are estimated to be 4,000 years old.
Stonehenge Is Perfectly Geometric
One of the most interesting Stonehenge realities is that the landmark was worked in flawless geometric development. The stones were not haphazardly placed Their tallness, width, shape, separation, and direction were all carefully considered. Even though a portion of the stones has fallen, the planning showed a piece of refined information on geometry. The circle is lined up with the midsummer dawn and the midwinter dusk. It is likewise lined up with the most southerly rising and northerly setting of the moon.
Stonehenge Is UNESCO site
Stonehenge is a UNESCO worldwide history site. It turned out to be so in the year 1986. At once, Stonehenge was an ignored landmark. A truant landowner did not care for the stones, as a result, the site was deteriorated. Now the possession lies with the British Crown.
Who built Stonehenge?
Like many other questions, this is also a mystery. We know nothing about who assembled Stonehenge and why. A prominent hypothesis progressed in the nineteenth century was that the Druids, people that existed in Britain before the Roman victory, had fabricated it like a temple but it was a myth that Stonehenge was built by Druids.
In the seventeenth century, archaeologist John Aubrey proposed that Stonehenge was constructed by Celtic high priests. Till the mid of the 20th century it was believed so but later on through radiocarbon dating it was found that the Stonehenge existed 1,000 years before the Celts lived in the area. Still, in modern times, people who identify themselves as druids carry out rituals at the site, especially at the summer solstice.
Stonehenge is a major tourist attraction in England
The monument is beautiful enough to attract more than one million tourists each year. Most of the visitors believe they are looking at untouched 4,000-year-old remains. But nearly every stone was re-raised, fixed and inserted in concrete between 1901 and 1964. The first restoration project took place in 1901 when a leaning stone was straightened and set in concrete to prevent it from falling. Further renovations were carried out in the 1920s when six stones were moved and re-erected. In 1958 cranes were used to reposition three more stones and one giant fallen lintel, or cross-stone was replaced. Then in 1964, another four stones were repositioned to prevent them from falling. The current appearance of Stonehenge is suggestive of what the site might have looked like thousands of years ago.
One amazing thing about the monument is its stones which possess unusual acoustic properties. When struck, stones produce a loud clanging sound.
There Are Many Replicas of Stonehenge
In Washington State, a memorial built to honor World War-I victims appears as a replica of Stonehenge. In Australia, there is a full-size imitation, and New Zealand additionally houses a copy of the landmark. In Nebraska, a site is known as Carhenge also resembles the monument, but uses cars instead of stones.
There are theories which state that Stonehedge was built by aliens.