India will celebrate its 72nd Republic day in the year 2021.
Republic Day is a national holiday in India. It honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect i.e. 26 January 1950. On this day the Government of India Act (1935) was replaced with the new formed Indian laws.
Britishers ruled India for over 200 years. On August 15, 1947, India got independence but had no permanent constitution. Indian laws were based on a modified version of the British established, Government of India Act 1935.
However, two weeks later on 29 August 1947, a Drafting Committee was appointed for framing of a permanent Indian Constitution, with Dr B R Ambedkar as chairman. After a lot of hard work, the Constitution was finally made, and January 26 was chosen as the day to declare India as the Sovereign Republic.
The draft of the constitution was submitted to the Indian Constituent Assembly on 4 November 1947. Over the course of 166 days, that were spread over two years, the 308 members of the Assembly met in sessions that were open to the public and made some modifications. Finally, on January 24, 1950, the Assembly members signed two handwritten copies of the Constitution, one in English and one in Hindi. And two days later history was made. The constitution was enforced.
About Indian Constitution
The original Constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in a flowing italic style with beautiful calligraphy. Both the versions of the Constitution, Hindi and English, were handwritten.
India’s Constitution is the longest handwritten constitution of any country on earth.
The Constitution was published in Dehradun.
The original copies of the Indian Constitution, written in Hindi and English, are kept in special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.
The Constituent Assembly, which first met on 9 December 1946, took precisely 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to come up with the final draft.